Rename File Command Line Ubuntu Linux

You need to use the mv command. It is used to rename and move files and directories. The general syntax is as follows:
mv old-file-name new-file-name
mv [options] old-file-name new-file-name
mv file1 file2
In this example, the following command would rename a file called resumezzz.pdf to resume.pdf. Open a command-line terminal (select Applications > Accessories > Terminal), and then type:
mv resumezzz.pdf resume.pdf
If resumezzz.pdf is located in /home/vivek/docs/files directory, type:
cd /home/vivek/docs/files
mv resumezzz.pdf resume.pdf
mv /home/vivek/docs/files/resumezzz.pdf /home/vivek/docs/files/resume.pdf
Use the ls command to view files:
ls -l file1
ls -l file1 file2
ls -l /home/vivek/docs/files/*.pdf
ls -l *.pdf

Linux rename a file syntax

In short, to rename a file:
mv file1 file2
You can get verbose output i.e. mv command can explain what is being done using the following syntax:
mv -v file1 file2
Sample outputs:
`file1' -> `file2'
To make mv interactive pass the -i option. This option will prompt before overwriting file:
mv -i file1 file2
Sample outputs:
mv: overwrite `file2'? y

Detailed information about mv command

You can also view the manual page on mv using the following command:
man mv
info mv

How to rename files in Linux Ubuntu

To rename files in Ubnutu it is very easy. Use the command for the desired filename name to be renamed.

mv desktop-login.ogg desktop-009.ogg
“mv” as in “move”, there’s no renaming tool as moving file has the same effect. Execute in the same directory where the files are, or use full paths:
mv /path/to/desktop-login.ogg /path/to/desktop-009.ogg